Assassinations of famous leaders are not isolated cases in the world history. Dozens of politicians, royal and religious leaders were killed. This usually happened if their actions had a negative impact on some other people or because of a disputable political position; sometimes the grounds for the assassination could be very simple like personal issues or revenge, for instance. It is obvious that the existence of all human civilization is based on numerous assassinations, among which the following can be named: the fifth Prime Minister of Israel Yitzhak Rabin, a Prime Minister of Pakistan Benazir Bhutto, the third Prime Minister of India Indira Gandhi, the 35th President of the United States John F. Kennedy, the preeminent leader of Indian nationalism Mahatma Gandhi, Dictator of the Roman Republic Julius Caesar, prominent leader in the African-American Civil Rights Movement Martin Luther King, Emperor of Russia Alexander II, the 16th President of the United States Abraham Lincoln, an Archduke of Austria-Este Franz Ferdinand, and many others. Two of them, who stand out as having some similarities, and also as being worshipped by the representatives of different countries and times, are Julius Caesar and Abraham Lincoln. These two outstanding personalities will be discussed further.
Speaking about Julius Caesar it is necessary to mention that he lived in a late-republic Rome, where it was impossible to jump over several levels of the state military hierarchy at once; each rank could be obtained only after having reached a definite age. Nevertheless, Caesar managed to make these steps forward very fast. If he was a representative of nowadays one would suppose that he was promoted by some financial or political grouping, but in Rome of that time there was no hypothetic influence on his career, which proves that this historical person had strong character and high ambitions. Therefore, Caesar started his political career at the age of 22; when he was 27 he was elected as a military tribune; at the age of 32 he became a quaestor, in 3 years – an edile, at the age of 38 – a praetor. In two years after, Caesar left Rome for Distant Spain as an ethnarch of the latter province. These actions have created the ground for his future power line, which would lead him to becoming a consul of Rome at the age of 41 (Crompton, 1999).
Even a person, who is not aware of the history of Rome, can easily trace that Caesar’s leap towards the heights of power was very quick, abrupt, and all of his actions were subjected to one aim – climb to the state power. Absolute power was probably the only real conviction of Julius Caius in all of his political conceptions. Another thing, which Caesar has learned quite clearly, was that Roman army was the only mean which could help to accomplish the urgent matters. That is why having given up his consul powers he conquered Gaul and started expanding the legions.
From the first sight, it seems that Abraham Lincoln was a completely different person than Julius Caesar, but this impression is deceiving. Though, it is often heard that real 16th President of the USA was never known, many researchers state that even the appearance of these two leaders has much in common and if shaving Lincoln’s beard and hair off one will see a person resembling Caesar a lot. Another fact, which is noticed by many biographers, is that both Caesar and Lincoln made an impression of boundlessly honest, kind and more than ordinary sincere persons. Probably such behavior was accurately planned by both leaders as all people of such type have something in common. Moreover, they both had power to destine the future of their countries. Though Rome had already existed nearly 700 years and the US were less than 300 years old, ruling and assassination of Caesar and of Lincoln led to their decline.
If in Rome one could climb to the heights of power only with the help of army, the American way to it was the career of a clerk. Therefore, at the age of 27 Lincoln became a lawyer, later on, when he was 30, he became an assemblyman of Illinois; finally, at the age of forty, when Caesar became a consul, Lincoln held a sit in the House of Representatives (Minor, 1904). Consequently, Lincoln’s steps to the power were the same quick as Caesar’s ones. As there is no information about his high achievements as a lawyer, it suggests the idea that becoming a lawyer was just a necessary step, which was made to come closer to the higher power. Thus, the aim of Lincoln like Caesar’s one was absolute state power. Finally, when Caesar was preparing the basis for his power making the war in Gaul and expanding his army, Lincoln did the same in the American way – he was creating his party. As a result, it is also possible to draw a parallel between the Battle of Fort Sumter and Caesar’s crossing the Rubicon (which both are regarded as the turn points) where the important and irrevocable decisions were made, which had a great impact on the countries.
Therefore, it is obvious that Lincoln wanted to repeat Caesar’s way and govern the state. According to many sources both leaders were quite intelligent and managed to be willowy in various situations. Caesar was even described as “a husband to any wife and a wife to any husband.”(Crompton, 1999). They also were fortunate enough to make other people turn to them in order to be closer to the power. Nevertheless, if Caesar and Lincoln have managed to win the respect of ordinary people serious politicians hated them, who knew to what they could lead the country. For instance, some of the republicans and even members of Lincoln’s Administration called him “a more unlimited despot than the world knows this side of China”, “that original gorilla”, “a despicable tyrant”, “a low, cunning clown”, “halting imbecile” (Durand, 2006). Consequently, both of them were assassinated: Brut is known as Caesar’s murderer as he became the head of the Senate plotters; Booth has embodied the plot of the Lincoln’s ruling opponents by having shot him.
Till nowadays people ostensibly worship Lincoln and Caesar, and in both cases this “cult” is of imperial character. Though the cult of Lincoln is common only within the USA, the intellectuals of many different countries admire Caesar. His name became a determinant of the future imperial greatness.